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Endometriosis

Endometriosis Cymru (opens in new tab)

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb (uterus) is found elsewhere in the body. It is most commonly found in the pelvis (in or on the ovaries, behind the uterus, in tissue that holds the uterus in place and on the bowel and the bladder).  It can also be found in other locations such as the chest cavity, lungs, abdominal wall and the navel. Endometriotic tissue may be located on the surface of organs and over the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). It may infiltrate deeper into the structures or may form cysts (fluid filled sacs) within the ovaries.

Every month, if a woman is not pregnant, the lining of the womb breaks down and is shed as a menstrual period. The endometriotic tissue (endometriosis) goes through a similar cycle and bleeds during menstruation. This may cause pain during periods, inflammation and scarring. The scarring can cause organs or structures to stick to each other. Deep endometriosis tissue and scarring can sometimes form small lumps. These lumps can be very painful to touch. Scarring and nodules of endometriosis may cause some women to experience pain during sexual intercourse. Having endometriosis can make it more difficult to become pregnant.

Endometriosis UK (opens in new tab) 

Fertility Network UK (opens in new tab)

If you wish to get further information, please make an appointment with your GP so you can discuss your symptoms further and they will refer you on to a specialist if necessary.

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