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What are the causes of pelvic organ prolapse?

A number of things can weaken your pelvic floor and increase your chance of developing pelvic organ prolapse.

These include:

  • pregnancy and childbirth, especially if you had a long, difficult birth, or if you gave birth to a large baby or multiple babies
  • Use of episiotomy/forceps during childbirth
  • getting older and going through the menopause
  • being overweight
  • having long-term constipation or a long-term health condition that causes you to cough and strain
  • having a hysterectomy
  • a job that requires a lot of heavy lifting
  • Some health conditions can also make a prolapse more likely, including joint hypermobility syndrome, Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndromes
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